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So you have a loved one that's just been diagnosed with dementia. What sort of things do we need to do to change their home environment?

Okay, well, it's a really good question and it's something that a lot of people forget because we all are used to our environments, the person that has been diagnosed with dementia is used to that environment, but we've got to look at it. Our homes are actually quite a dangerous place. One of the big things is, obviously, chemicals. There have been various cases where people have drunk things, thinking it was orange juice, as an example, because we don't label things, we don't have things locked away. Medication is a majorly big concern because obviously, we don't want someone with dementia taking two paracetamol, and then forgetting they've taken those, and then taking them again, and taking them again.

We have to recognise that doctors will prescribe medication that could be quite potentially dangerous, for the wrong person. So when children are in the home and things, we need to make sure that it's locked away, and also to prevent the overdose.

We need to look at carpets. With people with dementia, what happens is, in a lot of homes now, it's very common to have things like hard flooring, wooden flooring, maybe laminate, but is that the best thing when they've got pins and needles in their feet, which is very common, which is one of the reasons why people shuffle? The environment is so, so important, and if you look around the home, on the garden, if they're moving through the stage of dementia, we don't want them to wander. Have we got codes on our gates? Is it totally secure in the garden? Is that barbecue fuel out? Is there a shed that they can get into with turps, and different chemicals in there, or maybe very, very sharp things.

Do we leave our knives in the knife block on the side? Is it easy for them to get up the stairs? Are the stairs well lit? Have we got all the curtains open? Because, obviously, with macular degeneration and the natural origin of the eye, it makes the rooms quite dark, so we need to make sure they're light as possible. And it is essential we don't put candles out, anything to do with fire. There are many cases where the fire service is called out to fires, that dementia service users, or people suffering from dementia, actually set light to things without realising they're doing it.